Episcopal Medical Missions Foundation
Mortality: Our survey results were taken of numerous interviews of Pygmies at the two villages. This is compared with the survey taken among the general populations of the Ugandans living nearby. This survey was ascertained as the patients came to the clinic. It was not done as a house-to-house survey, but the numbers bespeak the fact that the survey results carry a fairly high confidence rate.
For the Pygmies at Byumba, a total of 67 pregnancies were obtained on the survey.
Number of deaths: 27.
Number of deaths, age one to five: 13.
Number of deaths under the age of one: 14.
Non-Pygmies at Byumba (these were the other Ugandans living nearby): Total of 77 pregnancies.
Number of deaths: 20.
Deaths, age one to five: Six.
Deaths under the age of one: 11.
Pygmies at Katairiro: 111 pregnancies.
Number of deaths: 67.
Deaths under the age of one: 22.
Deaths, age one to five: 24.
Non-Pygmies at Katairiro: 172 pregnancies. 44 deaths.
Under the age of one: Seven deaths.
Age one to five: 25 deaths.
Pygmies listed in Byumba:. Under the age of five, 40%; death rate under the age of one 21%.
Pygmies at Katairiro: Death rate under the age of five, 41%; death rate under the age of one 20%.
Non-Pygmies at Byumba: Death rate under the age of five, 22%; under the age of one, 14%.
Non-Pygmies at Katairiro: Under the age of five, 17% death rate; under the age of one, 5%.
These survey results demonstrate that the crude mortality rate under the age of five is approximately twice the average Ugandan. The reasons for this were determined by individual interviews, indicating that malnutrition and malaria and other infectious diseases are the primary causes of death. Improved health care and immunizing these children would lower this death rate. Parenthetically, there was an absence of HIV among the Pygmies due to a lack of intermarriage and any sexual contact with the Ugandan population.
Education: The illiteracy rate was quite high among the Pygmies. Also, in interviewing the pastors, the bishop, the chief and the Pygmies themselves, education was a high priority item for all concerned. It was thought that if these Pygmies could be educated, that would be the catalyst for elevating them from their desperate plight.
Evangelism: The church of Uganda has been very active in bringing the love of Christ to the Pygmies. The Pygmies have been responsive to this outreach and are now involved in church activities including, worship, youth groups, choir and the Motherís Union.
Public health: Dental care, adequate nutrition, basic health measures were not standard among the Pygmy population. It was thought that if a nurse could be living among the Pygmies, these public health concerns could be addressed, which would circumvent other more serious medical problems in the future.
Clean water: As mentioned, in Katairiro, there were two springs. These two springs seemed to be of only minimally adequate supply and were diminishing almost on a daily basis. They were also a fair distance away from the Pygmy colony, located some one-hundred-yard walk down a hill. A clean, adequate, and more central water supply would be a high priority item for both Katairiro and Byumba, particularly one that was activated by a hand pump.
Land: The need for land was mentioned as a high priority item by both pastors, the bishop, and by the Pygmies. It seems that there is not enough land and what they have is steep and not of high quality for agricultural purposes.
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